Monthly Archives: February 2012
I wrote earlier about Paul Revere’s Midnight Ride, noting that Liberty Paper Mill customer Richard Devens was waiting in Charlestown for Revere to arrive by boat over the Charles River.
In one of those strange twists of fate and history, this scene would repeat itself in an eerily similar fashion more than 85 years later near Leesburg, Virginia, in a battle that became known as Ball’s Bluff.
Instead of the Charles River in Massachusetts, Colonel Charles Devens (great-grandson of Commissary General Richard Devens) was waiting on the Virginia side of the Potomac River. It was October 20, 1861. Brigadier General Charles P. Stone had ordered Devens and his 15th Massachusetts Infantry to attack a Confederate camp at daylight. Two companies of the 20th Massachusetts Infantry would also cross the river to protect Devens’ return. (The 20th Massachusetts was nicknamed The Harvard Regiment; all its members were graduates.)
Late that night, Devens’ five companies, along with Colonel William R. Lee’s two companies of the 20th Massachusetts, began crossing the Potomac from Harrison’s Island to Ball’s Bluff. Five companies of the 15th Massachusetts, and Major Paul Joseph Revere (grandson of Paul Revere), and five companies of the 20th, remained on the Maryland shore as support
Early the next day, Lee sent a note to Revere that Devens has been engaged in a skirmish and that “we are determined to fight.” Revere began crossing his five companies of the 20th with two mountain howitzers from the island to the bluff.
There were just enough boats for Revere to get the 20th Massachusetts and the howitzers to the battle. But when things went badly, there weren’t enough boats nor enough time to get all back to safety. Devens, injured in the battle, was able to swim to safety. Revere and Lee, both wounded, were not so lucky. They were captured and spent several months in a Confederate prison camp.
Devens distinguished himself throughout the war. His troops were the first to occupy Richmond after its fall in April of 1865.
He was named a judge of the Massachusetts superior court, from 1867 to 1873, and was an associate justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court from 1873 to 1877, and again from 1881 to 1891. From 1877 to 1881, he was Attorney General in the Cabinet of President Rutherford B. Hayes.
Fort Devens in central Massachusetts, which opened in 1917, was named in his honor.
After Revere’s prisoner exchange, he participated in the campaign on the James River, and at Antietam was on General Sumner’s staff. There he was complimented for his gallantry, having received a severe wound. Upon his recovery he was promoted as Colonel of the 20th Regiment.
He was killed at the Battle of Gettysburg, defending a pivotal position during Pickett’s Charge.
An unusual monument—a puddingstone boulder—was erected in memory of Revere and the 43 other men of his company who died at the Battle of Gettysburg. The 30-ton colossus, dedicated in 1886, was imported by train from Roxbury, Mass., where many of the soldiers grew up. Now, it can be visited on Hancock Avenue, near the immortalized “copse of trees” and the Confederate High Water Mark.
Dr. Edward Hutchinson Robbins Revere, a brother, enlisted as an assistant surgeon in the 20th. While his brother was proving his gallantry at Antietam, Dr. Revere was killed by an exploding shell while caring for a wounded soldier.
First cousin, Joseph Warren Revere, also served in the Civil War, rising to the rank of Brigadier General. But his conduct at the Battle of Chancellorsville caused him to be court-martialed. President Lincoln overturned the court’s ruling, but accepted his resignation.
An interesting character along the way…
The following is from “Andover Stories: Pompey Lovejoy – ‘lection cake and ginger root beer
By Pam Smith
Andover Historical Society
His gravestone still stands in the Lovejoy lot of the South Church cemetery. His epitaph reads “Born in Boston a slave; died in Andover a free man; February 23, 1826; Much respected as a sensible; amiable and upright man.”
Pompey Lovejoy was born in 1724 as a slave to Captain William Lovejoy. Pompey took his last name from the family he served. At age 9, he and his master moved to Andover. The captain was so fond of “Pomp” that in 1762 he granted him an early freedom “from all slavery and servitude.” Later, Capt. Lovejoy’s will stipulated that Pompey “be given some choice acreage so that he might better enjoy his later years.” Pompey’s land was located close to the road that led to the pond that would eventually bear his name.
On Dec. 26, 1751, Pompey wed Rose, a servant of Andover’s John Foster. A remnant of Rose’s 200-year-old wedding dress may still be seen at the Andover Historical Society.
Pompey and Rose built their cabin on the land inherited from Captain Lovejoy. It was said “he crooned songs while he fried his ham and eggs. He darned his own socks if they ever were darned.” It was written that he played the fiddle until “his fingers grew stiff” and “his elbow lost its elasticity.” And it was said, “They had smiles for you even if Pomp was ‘bad with rheumatiz’, or Rose was laid up for a spell.”
At 52, Pompey served one and a half days in the Revolutionary War under Captain Henry Abbot’s company. He never saw combat because by the time the Andover soldiers arrived in Lexington the battle was over. A march to chase the retreating British enemy lasted until dark and only resulted in a tiring 35-mile march.
Pompey was a town fixture. The custom of New England Town Meeting days provided special occasions where the townspeople could socialize and discuss politics. Pompey and his wife would host gatherings at their cabin in the woods, and they were in charge of making the ‘lection cake and ginger root beer.
It was said “Pity the town meeting house crowd on election day if Pompey was not custodian of the cake and beer. Woe to the funeral wake if Pompey did not mix the grog and serve it.”
Editor’s Note: Pomp Lovejoy visited the Liberty Paper Mill twice. In May of 1781 he purchased 1 ¼ dozen press papers, and in May of 1782, bought one dozen press papers. He paid with 121 pounds of rags from Andover.
Pomp Lovejoy’s ‘lection Cake
1 pound sugar
4 pounds flour
1 pound butter
½ pint sweet lively yeast mixed with warm milk.
(I cut the recipe by 75%, and it’s very interesting, and very good in an 18th-century sort of way.)
Any bakers out there? I would love to have a real recipe that tells what to do with the dough/batter.
Email me at firstname.lastname@example.org